Quick Answer: What Is An Example Of A Discriminative Stimulus?

What happens when a discriminative stimulus is present?

The presence of a discriminative stimulus causes a behavior to occur.

Stimulus discrimination training may also occur with punishment.

A behavior is less likely to occur in the presence of the SD.

A behavior is more likely to occur in the presence of the S-Delta..

Which is the best example of stimulus generalization?

Classical and Operant Conditioning Little Albert’s fear of white furry objects is a great example of how stimulus generalization works in classical conditioning. While the child had originally been conditioned to fear a white rat, his fear also generalized to similar objects.

What is an SD in behavior?

The cue, referred to as a discriminative stimulus (Sd), is a specific environmental event or condition in response to which a child is expected to exhibit a particular behavior.

What is a positive discriminative stimulus?

Behavior analysts refer to a learned stimulus that triggers an operant behavior as a ‘discriminative stimulus. … This positively trained discriminative stimulus always ‘opens the door’ to positive reinforcement. If the behavior does not occur, the only result is that no reinforcement occurs.

What is an example of stimulus discrimination?

For example, the smell of food is an unconditioned stimulus, while salivating to the smell is an unconditioned response. … If the dogs did not drool in response to the trumpet noise, it means that they are able to discriminate between the sound of the tone and the similar stimulus.

What is a discriminative stimulus ABA?

SD, or discriminative stimulus, is formally defined as “a stimulus in the presence of which a particular response will be reinforced” (Malott, 2007). …

When a stimulus is removed from a person or animal?

punishmentAs the exercise briefly describes, when a stimulus is removed from a person or animal, resulting in a decrease in the probability of response, it is known as negative punishment. In behavioral terms, positive means adding whereas negative means taking. The goal of punishment is to decrease a determined behavior.

What effect does a discriminative stimulus have on behavior?

A discriminative stimulus is the antecedent stimulus that has stimulus control over behavior because the behavior was reliably reinforced in the presence of that stimulus in the past. Discriminative stimuli set the occasion for behaviors that have been reinforced in their presence in the past.

What is needed for stimulus control?

Reinforcement and extinction of behaviors are the fundamentals in creating stimulus control. When the stimulus is present, the desired behavior is reinforced. When the stimulus is absent, the behavior is ignored or put on extinction.

Which is stronger for humans immediate or delayed reinforcers?

Immediate vs. Delayed Reinforcement- Immediate reinforcement that occurs immediately after desired or undesired behavior occurs. This type of reinforcement has the strongest and quickest effect in controlling behavior. The longer the delay, the less likely the learning.

What is a discriminative stimulus quizlet?

discriminative stimulus (SD) a stimulus in the presence of which a particular response will be reinforced or punished.

What is the difference between a stimulus and a discriminative stimulus?

What is the difference between a stimulus and a discriminative stimulus? A stimulus is a person, place or thing in someone’s sense receptors while a discriminative stimulus is a stimulus in the presence of which a response will be reinforced.

How do you explain a stimulus control?

“Stimulus control is a term used to describe situations in which a behavior is triggered by the presence or absence of some stimulus. For example, if you always eat when you watch TV, your eating behavior is controlled by the stimulus of watching TV.

What is stimulus discrimination training?

Stimulus discrimination training is a strategy that is used to teach an individual to engage in particular behaviors in the presence of certain situations, events, or stimuli. … When a response is trained to not occur in a given situation, this situation or stimulus is referred to as Sρ, or S-delta.

What is a behavior in ABA?

In ABA, when we talk about behavior, we really mean anything a person says or does. Behavior includes observable actions—all the things other people can see—as well as things everyone else may not be able to see, such as feelings, emotions, thinking, and remembering.

What is a negative discriminative stimulus?

(symbol: SΔ or S–) in operant conditioning, a stimulus signifying that a given response will not be reinforced, implying that there is at least one other stimulus circumstance in which the response will be reinforced.

What is a stimulus in behavior?

In psychology, a stimulus is any object or event that elicits a sensory or behavioral response in an organism. … In behavioral psychology (i.e., classical and operant conditioning), a stimulus constitutes the basis for behavior.

What is an example of generalization?

Generalization, in psychology, the tendency to respond in the same way to different but similar stimuli. … For example, a child who is scared by a man with a beard may fail to discriminate between bearded men and generalize that all men with beards are to be feared.

How do you promote stimulus generalization?

One way to promote generalization is to reinforce the behavior when generalization occurs– that is, to reinforce the behavior when it occurs outside the training situation in the presence of relevant stimuli. This allows relevant stimuli to develop stimulus control over the behavior.

What happens when stimulus generalization occurs?

‘Stimulus generalization occurs when behavior becomes more probable in the presence of one stimulus or situation as a result of having been reinforced in the presence of another stimulus or situation’ (Martin & Pear, 1999, p. 145). This can occur due to physical similarity or due to conceptual learning.

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