Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Adverse Drug Reaction Is Managed By Gastric Lavage?

Why gastric lavage is contraindicated in corrosive poisoning?

Prehospital procedures – gastric lavage, induced vomiting and activated charcoal are contraindicated because re-exposure of the esophagus to the corrosive agent might happen and produce additional injuries..

Why was the patient given gastric lavage and activated charcoal?

It is used after a person swallows or absorbs almost any toxic drug or chemical. Activated charcoal is estimated to reduce absorption of poisonous substances nearly to 60%. … Activated charcoal is often given after the stomach is pumped (gastric lavage).

What is lavage?

Listen to pronunciation. (luh-VAZH) In medicine, washing out an organ (such as the stomach or colon), a body cavity, or a wound by flushing it with a fluid.

What happens if drink kerosene?

Ingestion of kerosene or acute exposure to vapour may lead to general signs of intoxication such as mild CNS symptoms (dizziness, headache, nausea) and vomiting. Skin exposure to kerosene may result in dermatitis through the extraction of endogenous skin lipids.

What are the complications of gastric lavage?

The most dangerous risk is aspiration pneumonia, which is more likely to occur if hydrocarbons are ingested in patients without a protected airway. Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

What are some complications for gastric lavage and charcoal administration?

ComplicationsMisplacement of the gastric tube into the trachea.Pulmonary aspiration of gastric content of lavage fluid, especially in patients with compromised airway reflexes.Aspiration pneumonia.Laryngospasm and hypoxia, especially in patients with lung diseases.Esophageal lacerations or perforation.More items…

What is gastric suction?

Gastric suction is a procedure to empty the contents of your stomach. Gastric suction is perform to empty the contents of the stomach before it passes through the rest of the digestive tract.

In which poisoning gastric lavage is contraindicated?

Gastric lavage is contraindicated in patients with an unprotected airway, with ingestions of substances that carry a high risk of aspiration (e.g., hydrocarbons) or that are corrosive, with ingestion of sharp objects, with an underlying pathologic condition that increases the risk of hemorrhage or gastric perforation, …

Is there any needed patient preparations before collection of gastric fluid?

Ideally the patient being prepared for an early morning gastric aspirate should sleep for at least six hours without interruption. They should not eat or drink anything overnight to prevent the stomach from emptying.

How do doctors flush your stomach?

How is gastric suction performed? Before the procedure, your doctor may give you medicine to numb your throat. This will help decrease gagging and irritation. Then, they’ll insert a lubricated tube into your mouth or nose and thread it down through your esophagus into your stomach.

Is gastric lavage painful?

Does it hurt? The amount of pain felt will vary among patients. More often than feeling pain, a person might feel like they need to gag or start retching. During the procedure, your eyes will probably water, and it will probably be irritating.

Why Kerosene is flammable?

The hydrocarbons that make up kerosene are relatively small and have around 10 to 16 carbon atoms per molecule. Kerosene has a flashpoint range between 37 and 65 °C. … A flashpoint is the temperature at which substances give off enough flammable vapours to ignite in the presence of an ignition source.

Who is at risk for dumping syndrome?

Who is most at risk for getting dumping syndrome? You are more likely to experience early or late dumping syndrome if you have had certain types of gastric surgeries. It is most common in people who have had surgeries that remove or bypass large portions of the stomach.

How does a gastric lavage work?

Gastric lavage involves placing a tube through the mouth (orogastric) or through the nose (nasogastric) into the stomach. Toxicants are removed by flushing saline solutions into the stomach, followed by suction of gastric contents.

What is the antidote for kerosene?

The present randomized trial in 100 children with accidental kerosene ingestion assesses the role of ampicillin, carbenicillin and metronidazole in its management. The results are not conclusive but chemoprophylaxis appears to decrease morbidity.

What is the purpose of using activated charcoal?

Activated charcoal is sometimes used to help treat a drug overdose or a poisoning. When you take activated charcoal, drugs and toxins can bind to it. This helps rid the body of unwanted substances. Charcoal is made from coal, wood, or other substances.

What is active charcoal good for?

Activated charcoal is commonly taken by mouth to treat poisonings. It is also used for intestinal gas (flatulence), high cholesterol, hangovers, upset stomach, and bile flow problems (cholestasis) during pregnancy. Activated charcoal is applied to the skin as part of bandages for helping heal wounds.

Is kerosene a corrosive?

Kerosene is a non-corrosive, less volatile fuel, compared to other fuels such as red diesel and gasoline. It has a flash point of 38°C compared to gasoline which is -40°C, making it considerably safe to store and handle.

What is gastric specimen?

Gastric aspirates are collected from young children suspected of having pulmonary TB. During sleep, the mucociliary system of the lung beats mucus up into the throat. The mucus is swallowed and remains in the stomach until the stomach empties.

What is a non corrosive poison?

2. Non-Corrosive: This group contains products that are to be ingested in small quantities, but which are harmful taken in large amounts. Examples are: Pharmaceuticals, alcohol, drugs, medicinal herbs etc.

What substances does activated charcoal absorb?

One of the most common uses of activated charcoal is emergency toxin removal in the form of poisoning or overdose. It has been known to adsorb the toxins found in pesticides, mercury, bleach, opium, cocaine, acetaminophen, morphine and alcoholic beverages, to name a few.