What Does A Low RDW Mean?

What happen if RBC count is low?

When you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells, you have a condition called anemia.

This means your blood has lower than normal hemoglobin (Hgb) levels.

Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell (RBC) that carries oxygen to all the cells in your body.

Anemia is a common side effect in patients with cancer..

What is Microcytic anemia?

Microcytic anemia is defined as the presence of small, often hypochromic, red blood cells in a peripheral blood smear and is usually characterized by a low MCV (less than 83 micron 3). Iron deficiency is the most common cause of microcytic anemia.

What is the most common cause of microcytic anemia?

IDA is the most common cause of microcytic anemia. In adults, dietary deficiency is rare, and bleeding must always be excluded. Red cell distribution width (RDW), an index of anisocytosis, is usually increased in patients with iron deficiency.

What RBC count is considered anemic?

Anemia is a decrease in the number of red blood cells (RBCs—as measured by the red cell count, the hematocrit, or the red cell hemoglobin content). In men, anemia is defined as hemoglobin < 14 g/dL (140 g/L), hematocrit < 42% (< 0.42) , or RBC < 4.5 million/mcL (< 4.5 × 1012/L).

What does low MCV and MCH mean?

Common conditions resulting in a hypochromic microcytic anemia (low MCV and MCH) include thalassemia and iron deficiency; and, less commonly, anemias associated with chronic inflammatory conditions, genetic determinants for Hb C, congenital defects in copper metabolism, some forms of sideroblastic anemia, and other …

What does Rdw mean in a blood test?

A red cell distribution width (RDW) test is a measurement of the range in the volume and size of your red blood cells (erythrocytes). Red blood cells move oxygen from your lungs to every cell in your body.

Why is Rdw high in iron deficiency anemia?

However, a varied size distribution of red blood cells is a hallmark of iron deficiency anemia, and as such shows an increased RDW in virtually all cases. In the case of both iron and B12 deficiencies, there will normally be a mix of both large cells and small cells, causing the RDW to be elevated.

Is low red blood count serious?

A low red blood count, or anemia, can cause feelings of fatigue and weakness. When a person has a lower red blood count than is normal, their body has to work harder to get enough oxygen to the cells. A low red blood cell (RBC) count can cause a variety of symptoms and health complications.

How do I increase my red blood cells?

5 nutrients that increase red blood cell countsred meat, such as beef.organ meat, such as kidney and liver.dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale.dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins.beans.legumes.egg yolks.

What causes low RBC count?

A low RBC count could also indicate a vitamin B6, B12 or folate deficiency. It may also signify internal bleeding, kidney disease or malnutrition (where a person’s diet doesn’t contain enough nutrients to meet their body’s needs).

What is considered high RDW?

A high RDW (over 14.5%) means that the red blood cells vary a lot in size. A normal RDW is 11.6 to 14.6%, but researchers from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute found that patients with a RDW level greater than or equal to 12.9% had an increased risk for depression.

Is high RDW serious?

If your RDW is too high, it could be an indication of a nutrient deficiency, such as a deficiency of iron, folate, or vitamin B-12. These results could also indicate macrocytic anemia, when your body doesn’t produce enough normal red blood cells, and the cells it does produce are larger than normal.

How do you treat low red blood cells?

Your doctor or health care provider may prescribe or suggest to treat your low red blood count:Epoetin alfa (PROCRIT®).Darbepoetin (Aranesp®).Iron supplement.Multivitamin.A diet high in protein.A red blood cell transfusion.

Is hemoglobin 9.5 Low?

A low hemoglobin count is generally defined as less than 13.5 grams of hemoglobin per deciliter (135 grams per liter) of blood for men and less than 12 grams per deciliter (120 grams per liter) for women. In children, the definition varies with age and sex.

What is the normal range for Rdw SD?

The normal RDW-SD range for adults is 40.0 – 55.0 fL.

What does high RDW and normal MCV mean?

• A high RDW indicates a large variation in size of RBCs. If the MCV is normal and the RDW is high, there is a mixture of large and small RBCs. If the RDW is normal and the MCV is high, the RBCs are likely all macrocytic. If the MCV and RDW are both normal, the RBCs are likely all about the same normal size.

What does it mean when your RDW is low?

What does it mean if you’re having low RDW? A low RDW is desirable since it is a sign that your RBCs are uniform in size. A low RDW is not a cause for concern. But even if you have a low RDW, still you may have a blood disease.

What happens if you have high red blood cells?

A high RBC count may be a result of sleep apnea, pulmonary fibrosis, and other conditions that cause low oxygen levels in the blood. Performance-enhancing drugs like protein injections and anabolic steroids can also increase RBCs. Kidney disease and kidney cancers can lead to high RBC counts as well.

How serious is Microcytic anemia?

In cases of microcytic anemia so severe that you’re at risk for complications like cardiac failure, you may need to get a blood transfusion of donor red blood cells. This can increase the number of healthy red blood cells that your organs need.

What is Microcytic anemia caused by?

Iron deficiency hypochromic microcytic anemia is caused due to disruption of iron supply in diet due to decreased iron content in the diet, pathology the small intestines like sprue and chronic diarrhea, gastrectomy, and deficiency of vitamin C in the diet.

What level of RBC is considered anemic?

Normal levels of RBCs and hemoglobin vary for men, women and children. They also vary from laboratory to laboratory. An adult has anemia, or is considered anemic, when their hemoglobin level falls to about 100 g/L or less. A child has anemia if the hemoglobin is 75 g/L or less.