What Is The Purpose Of A Salem Sump Tube?

Why is a Salem sump nasogastric preferable over the Levin tube for gastric decompression?

The Salem sump tube is preferable for stomach decompression.

The tube has two lumens: one for removal of gastric contents and one to provide an air vent.

When the main lumen of the sump tube is connected to suction, the air vent permits free, continuous drainage of secretions..

Why is NG tube on low intermittent suction?

When using for suction, intermittent suction is used to prevent the tube from adhering to the gut wall. Prolonged use of these tubes may result in stiffening of the tube which may increase risk of perforation.

How long do Dobhoff tubes last?

This tube can also remain in place for up to two weeks when it must be removed or replaced with a permanent tube.

Can you eat with a Dobhoff?

Patients should consult with their doctor or a speech language pathologist to determine if swallowing food is safe for them. If an individual can eat by mouth safely, then he/she can absolutely eat food! Eating won’t hurt the tube and using the tube won’t make it unsafe to eat.

Which nasogastric tubes are used for gastric decompression?

For decompression, the standard tube used is a double-lumen nasogastric tube. There is a double-one large lumen for suction and one smaller lumen to act as a sump. A sump allows air to enter so that the suction lumen does not become adherent to the gastric wall or become obstructed when the stomach is fully collapsed.

What is the most common nasogastric tube?

Levin tubeSpecific care varies only slightly for the most commonly used NG tubes: the single-lumen Levin tube and the double-salem tube. Usually inserted to decompress the stomach, an NG tube can prevent vomiting after major surgery.

Can nurses insert Dobhoff?

In many cases, a doctor or nurse will insert a Dobhoff tube by feel. Experience in placing these tubes makes many healthcare professionals quite adept at inserting and positioning them correctly. Alternatively, an endoscope may be used to see the inside of the patient’s gastrointestinal tract.

Can you feed through a Salem sump tube?

NG tubes are also available in a larger diameter (e.g., Salem sumps). Large-bore NG tubes can be used for feeding or administering medication, but their primary functions are gastric suctioning and decompression.

What medicines should not be given via enteral feeding tubes?

To minimize drug–nutrient interactions, special considerations should be taken when administering phenytoin, carbamazepine, warfarin, fluoroquinolones, and proton pump inhibitors via feeding tubes. Precautions should be implemented to prevent tube occlusions, and immediate intervention is required when blockages occur.

What is an OG tube used for?

Nasogastric (NG) tubes or Orogastric (OG) tubes are small tubes placed either through the nose or the mouth and end with the tip in the stomach. NG/OG tubes may be used for feedings, medication administration, or removal of contents from the stomach via aspiration, suction, or gravity drainage.

How do you give medicine through an OG tube?

Draw up the prescribed amount of medicine into an empty syringe. Give medicine. Connect syringe filled with prescribed dose of medicine to NG tube and push all the medicine in until plunger stops. If the medicine is very sticky, you may draw up 2 to 5 mL of warm water into the medicine syringe.

What is the suction setting for gastric decompression?

When using a one lumen gastric tube to decompress the gastrointestinal tract, a regulator that has an intermittent suction setting, with preset on-and-off cycles must be used. Set the initial level of suction within the “low range” (0 to 80mmHg), starting between 40-60 mmHg. The suction level should not exceed 80 mmHg.

What are Salem sump tubes used for?

Salem-sump: is a two-lumen nasogastric/orogastric tube. The dual lumen tube allows for safer continuous and intermittent gastric suctioning. The large lumen allows for easy suction of gastric contents, decompression, irrigation and medication delivery.

How much should an NG tube drain?

The average daily nasogastric output was 440 +/- 283 mL (range 68-1565).

What is Dobhoff tube used for?

A Dobhoff tube is a narrow-bore flexible tube with a diameter of 4 mm, used to deliver enteral nutrition. It is used in patients with a functional gastrointestinal tract, but who are unable to meet their nutritional requirements through oral intake [1,2].

What is gastric decompression?

Gastric decompression is the removing of the contents of the stomach through the use of a nasogastric tube.

What is the difference between a Levin tube and a Salem sump tube?

The Salem-sump nasogastric tube is a two-lumen piece of equipment; that is, it has two tubes. The Levin tube is usually made of plastic with several drainage holes near the gastric end of the tube. … This nasogastric tube is useful in instilling material into the stomach or suctioning material out of the stomach.

What are the complications of NG tube?

Patients receiving enteral nutrition show several kinds of complications such as diarrhoea, vomiting, constipation, lung aspiration, tube dislodgement, tube clogging, hyperglycaemia and electrolytic alterations.